Gum Disease

The main cause of periodontal disease is bacterial plaque, a sticky, colorless film of bacteria that clings to teeth and gums. Even if you brush and floss every day, you may not completely remove plaque, especially around the gum line. The bacteria in plaque create toxins that break down and destroy the gums and bone that support the teeth.

If left untreated, the periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss. The disease will cause the gums to separate from the teeth forming pockets (spaces between the teeth and gums) that become infected. As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed.

Signs of gum disease:

  • Red, swollen or bleeding gums
  • Gums that separate from the teeth
  • Bad breath
  • Loose teeth
  • Change in the way the teeth fit together

Causes of periodontal Disease:

  • Smoking and Tobacco use
  • Stress
  • Genetics
  • Medications
  • Poor nutrition
  • Diabetes
  • Pregnancy and Puberty
  • Clenching and Grinding teeth